Sea Routes to the Gold Fields by Oscar Lewis download in ePub, pdf, iPad
For most of the world, the ocean was the only way to reach California. Lead them to the Panama route if they do not see it on their own. Divide students into three working groups. Gold Fever The discovery of gold nuggets in the American River near Sacramento, California, brought waves of people to the region. Ask students to come up with one advantage and one disadvantage of each route.
They met widespread discrimination from white settlers. Steamboats were shipped around Cape Horn in and to work the inland waterways.
Maritime historians studied the ship before it was covered again, this time by an story building. Show a map of North and South America, and discuss with students possible routes to California. Hundreds of ships lay abandoned, their passengers and crews out searching for gold. The Nisenan were among the Native cultures nearly destroyed by the rush for gold.
Tell students they will learn more about each route and the various advantages and disadvantages for each. Both found their lands overrun during the gold rush. More than a third came by sea. The flood of immigrants destroyed Indian villages, redirected waterways, and depleted food supplies. Others were sunk and, over time, San Francisco was built on top of them.
Encourage students to make note of any details, especially in the first-person accounts, which graphically show what it was like to use the route. But the same prejudice that limited where they could live and work fostered strong, self-reliant Chinese communities in San Francisco and elsewhere.
From a daguerreotype attributed to Joseph B. Later construction projects revealed the remains of several ships under the city. For Americans, it was the fastest way. You can also find information on the daily life of miners, the impact of the Gold Rush in the West, and hardships suffered by miners.