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India and the World in the First Half of the Twentieth Century by Madhavan K. Palat download in ePub, pdf, iPad

In his essay comprising part I of the volume, Eric Cheyfitz argues persuasively for the necessary conjunction of Indian literatures and federal Indian law from Apess to Alexie.

Based on research done by climate scientists, the majority of the scientific community consider that in the long term environmental problems may threaten the planet's habitability. Ukraine, early days of the Nazi invasion. With the end of colonialism and the Cold War, nearly a billion people in Africa were left in new nation states after centuries of foreign domination.

Despots such as Kim Jong-il of North Korea continued to lead their nations toward the development of nuclear weapons. Humans explored space for the first time, taking their first footsteps on the Moon. Most likely a comparable number of civilians died of war-induced disease and other indirect effects. Disease threatened to destabilize many regions of the world. Civil wars occurred in many nations.

Malaria and other diseases affected large populations. After the war, Germany was occupied and divided between the Western powers and the Soviet Union. East Germany and the rest of Eastern Europe became Soviet puppet states under communist rule. In the last third of the century, concern about humankind's impact on the Earth's environment made environmentalism popular.

Europe appeared to be at a sustainable peace for the first time in recorded history. The world was still blighted by small-scale wars and other violent conflicts, fueled by competition over resources and by ethnic conflicts. The influence of China and India was also rising, as the world's largest populations were rapidly integrating with the world economy.

Meanwhile globalization opened the

Meanwhile, globalization opened the door for several nations to exert a strong influence over many world affairs. During the century, the social taboo of sexism fell. In many countries, especially in Europe, the movement was channeled into politics through Green parties. The number of people killed during the century by government actions was in the hundreds of millions.

This includes deaths caused by wars, genocide, politicide and mass murders. Albert Einstein is often regarded as the father of modern physics. However, these same wars resulted in the destruction of the imperial system. Increasing awareness of global warming began in the s, commencing decades of social and political debate. At its height, it was the largest empire in history.

During the century the social taboo

The Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires were dismantled at the war's conclusion. The virus was becoming an epidemic in southern Africa. In the latter half of the century, most of the European-colonized world in Africa and Asia gained independence in a process of decolonization. With the Axis defeated and Britain and France rebuilding, the United States and the Soviet Union were left standing as the world's only superpowers. For the first time in human history, empires and their wars of expansion and colonization ceased to be a factor in international affairs, resulting in a far more globalized and cooperative world.