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Class and Community in Provincial Ireland, 1851–1914 by Brian Casey download in ePub, pdf, iPad

While he expressed hope that Irishmen throughout British North America would join in their cause, O'Callaghan made it clear that he was appealing particularly to the Irishmen in Upper Canada. However, it would be presumptuous to assume that Macdonell was acting solely for opportunistic reasons.

For more on these societies see Thomas F. Patrick Haran had mixed success as parish priest of Bytown. Still, he was the only member of the Upper Canadian clergy who publicly supported the Friends of Ireland.

Though Macdonell began to search for a priest to replace Haran following the fundraising dispute, financial misdemeanors and disputes with the laity did not warrant immediate removal. Through a series of public addresses they appealed to their countrymen and to all reform-minded subjects there to join their cause. If they will not be generous let them be, at least, just. McCunniffe's failure to follow through may be explained by his close relationship with Macdonell.

Bishop Macdonell had sided with the lay members of the committee and in so doing publicly exposed Haran's alleged history of financial mismanagement at his previous parish. Bathurst's response was quick. Loughnan called for the first meeting of the Friends of Ireland and emancipation at the behest of some of his parishioners. By focusing upon east Galway, it argues that they were not an inarticulate mass, but rather, they were sophisticated and politically aware in their own right. Recall that in Macdonell had promised Bathurst that neither he nor anyone under his control would be connected to the Catholic Association.

To the bishop's delight, the meeting opened a subscription to raise funds to construct the village's first church. Shortly after establishing the Friends of Ireland in Montreal, Daniel Tracey asked influential Irishmen across the colonies to form their own branches. Committed to advancing the fortunes of Scots Catholics within the British Empire, he convinced the government to employ his parishioners as a fencible regiment and himself as their chaplain. Elsewhere the Friends of Ireland could claim some support from the Church, and members of the clergy were active in a number of American and Canadian branches. Similarly, the expansion of the Friends of Ireland into Upper Canada would tarnish Macdonell's reputation with colonial officials in London and in York.

In addition, with the consistent shortage of funds faced by the Church in Upper Canada Macdonell opposed any competing claim on his parishioner's pockets. Indeed, provincial political squabbles required seven years of appeals before the payments were issued. Macdonell's concerns were not altogether unfounded and events in Bytown confirmed many of his fears.

Many church committee members were

Daniel Tracey, president of the sister society in Montreal and lead organizer of the Friends of Ireland in Lower Canada. Many church committee members were prominent in the society.

This proposed influx of Irish Catholics into Upper Canada presented Macdonell with both a challenge and an opportunity. This study relies upon a wide array of courses which have been utilised to give as authentic a voice to the lower classes as possible. Haran's participation in the Friends of Ireland seems to have been the final straw for Macdonell.

Daniel Tracey president of