Cancer in the Elderly by Carrie P. Hunter download in ePub, pdf, iPad
While a diagnosis of cancer is frightening, studies have shown it is important to become involved with support groups and cancer survivors. There was somewhat more toxicity in some of the older patients who underwent the treatment. Human hematopoietic progenitor cells exhibit increased microsatellite instability associated with advanced age.
This type of radiation therapy can be used to treat cancer or control pain from cancer that has spread to the bone. The side effects of hormone therapy depend on the type. The side effects of high-dose therapy and stem cell transplantation include infection and bleeding. Most patients receive chemotherapy by mouth or through a vein.
The patient swallows the liquid or capsules or receives an injection. Cancer treatment plans may change over time.
Most plans include surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy. Some cancers respond best to a single type of treatment, while others may respond best to a combination of different approaches. In addition, stem cell transplantation may be used so that a patient can receive very high doses of chemotherapy or radiation therapy. For the studies that I showed you, both the ovarian cancer study and the head and neck cancer study, patients who received a full course of therapy had similar outcomes. Demeny P, McNicoll G, editors.
Removing nearby tissue may help prevent the cancerous tumor from growing back. Defects in this process may contribute to the progressive increase in acute leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome in older individuals. The patient usually stays in the hospital, and the implants generally remain in place for several days. Radiation comes from radioactive material placed in seeds, needles, or thin plastic tubes that are put in or near the affected tissue.
New blood cells then develop from the transplanted stem cells. Cancel The treatment plan for cancer in the elderly depends mainly on the type of cancer the person has and the stage of the disease. Similarly, some people worry that exposing cancer to air during surgery will cause the disease to spread. Before treatment begins, the health care team will explain possible side effects and suggest ways to help manage them.
This population expansion will be accompanied by a marked increase in patients requiring care for disorders with high prevalence in the elderly. The doctor can adjust the plan if additional pain relief is needed. Often, the goal of treatment is to cure the cancer, but in other cases, the goal is to control the disease or to minimize symptoms for as long as possible. More serious side effects include changes in blood pressure and breathing problems.
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